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Fundamentals of Medical Laws in India


Medical professionals must always make choices for the common good of the patients. However, healthcare scenarios and settings are complex, and taking the right decision while facing a situation may be difficult. It is essential for medical professionals to understand the legal implication of their actions and decisions for them and their patients, more so when the number of medico-legal cases is increasing rapidly. Likewise, legal professionals who aspire to handle cases involving medical laws find it difficult to understand the complex healthcare situations in view of their personal beliefs. Thus, it is important for both medical and legal professionals to understand medical laws objectively in order to practice successfully.

This course on 'Fundamentals of Medical Laws in India' gives both the conceptual and practical application of medico-legal guidelines, medical ethics, landmark judgments and effective strategies to prevent and defend medical negligence litigation. The primary goal of this course is to help the learner think independently and become sensitive to the risks and issues that encompass the healthcare field.



After completing the course, medical professionals and administrators will be able to:

  • Recognise medico-legal implications associated with day-to-day clinical practice
  • Utilise the strategies to prevent and defend medical negligence litigation, effectively

After completing the course, lawyers will be able to:

  • Counsel doctors and hospitals on various medico-legal situations
  • Improve their legal practice related to medical negligence litigation in the Court

Course Outline

  • Module 1 – Overview of Medical Law
  • Module 2 – Overview of Medical Ethics
  • Module 3 – Rights and Duties of Medical Practitioners and Patients
  • Module 4 – Medical Records
  • Module 5 – Introduction to Medical Confidentiality
  • Module 6 – Informed Consent
  • Module 7 – Overview of Medical Negligence
  • Module 8 – Appendix
  • Certification Exam/ Assessment



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  • Doctors
  • Nurses
  • Hospital Administrators
  • Lawyers
  • Law Students
  • Patients
  • Stakeholders in health care industry
  • You may not be a lawyer or doctor to take this course

Level: Beginner

Language: English

Duration: 6 Months

Video Lectures : Video lectures spanning 42 minutes.


Progress will be tested by way of quizzes and assignments at the end of each Module. Learners must attempt the exam at the end of the course and secure at least 50% marks to obtain course certificate.

About the Author

Dr. V. P. Singh is a Medicolegal Expert and Associate Professor (Forensic Medicine) at Dayanand Medical College and Hospital. He is qualified in both Medicine and Law. He did his M.B.B.S. and M.D. in Forensic Medicine from GMC Patiala and LL.B. from UILS, Punjab University. He has completed Certificate Courses in Medical Laws and Healthcare Quality Management, PGD Medico-legal System. Dr. Singh has made contributions to a book, “Legal Issues in Medical Practice, Medico-legal Guidelines for Safe Practice”.

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