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A Study of Surrogacy Laws in India


Surrogacy, popularly known as 'womb for rent', has been criticised for the commoditisation, commercialisation and exploitation of the human reproductive system. While some consider surrogacy to be unnatural, many childless couples regard it an opportunity to experience the joy of parenthood. In India, though being the most sought after destination for surrogacy due to its low cost and favourable legal atmosphere, there is a lack of distinguishing rules and responsibilities of parties involved. Thus, a lot of ambiguity exists among all the stakeholders, including policy makers, surrogate mothers, intended parents, legal consultants, etc.

This course provides clarity on the concepts of surrogacy, particularly commercial surrogacy. It explains the legal issues involved in commercial surrogacy, discussing relevant laws including Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill 2013; Indian Council of Medical Research guidelines, 2005; and government policy on commercial surrogacy. The course will be helpful for surrogate mothers and intended parents as it covers case studies, explains different surrogacy agreements and provides FAQs for clarity on the process and law.

Course Outcome


After completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Understand the concept of surrogacy
  • Analyse the present legal framework on surrogacy
  • Advice families about legal issues involved in surrogacy

Course Outline

  • Module 1 – Introduction
  • Module 2 – Legal Issues in Commercial Surrogacy
  • Module 3 – Conclusion
  • Certification Exam/ Assessment



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Who Should Take This Course?

  • Lawyers
  • Legal Advisors and Counsel
  • Research Students
  • Surrogate mothers
  • Common People Interested in Surrogacy Laws

Level: Beginner

Language: English

Duration: 6 Months

Evaluation Method

Learners must submit all assignments and secure at least 50% marks in Certification Exam at the end of the course to obtain the course certificate.

About the Author

Harleen Kaur is a lawyer working in the field of Gender Rights since 2013 in Delhi and Chandigarh. She was actively involved with the team that conceptualised and designed National University of Judicial Science's online diploma course on Sexual Harassment Prevention and Workplace Diversity. Having served as an external member and educator for ICC of Organisations, she has interviewed several professionals working in the field of gender and labour rights.

Video Lectures by Advocate Avani Bansal, Supreme Court of India

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